HISTORY OF RENEWABLE ENERGY
What is renewable energy?
Renewable Energy has been part of human daily live activities from the begining, this article will show us where we’re coming from and where we are going. Renewable Energy is any form of energy that is collectible from any renewable or natural sources such as wind, sunlight,waves, geothermal,Biomass and Hydropower
Renewable energy has become so crucial to human development as they contribute largely to important needs like electricity generation, air and water heating or cooling, transportation, and they are naturally restoreable on a timescale unlike fossil fuel.
Over the years fossil fuel has dominated the world, about 80 percent of the worlds energy supply was derived from fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum, and natural gas. Fossil fuels are finite resources and would not last forever. Fossil fuel has proven to have a lot of devastating environmental catastrophe such as air pollution with the following particulate matter, nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide and toxic chemicals which it end result for humans could be heart disease, asthma, and other human health problems. fossil has also being proven to be responsible for acidic rain and global warming.
Prior to the discovery and development fossil fuel in the mid 18th century, most of human activitives revolves around renewable energy. over thousands of years ago, water and wind has been what human use to power one of their means of transportation which is ship or boat, biomass is also use to make fire. the primary sources of traditional renewable energy were human labor, animal power, wind for turning windmills and grounding our grains, firewood which is traditional biomass, water power and the Romans even used geothermal water for heating.
The fear of running out of fossil fuel due to too much dependence on it and increase in the price fossil fuel which is as a result of increase in demand and also cost of production as lead to need to look for alternatives or better source. the decision to switch was made since it has been projected that the cost of the renewable energy is likely to decrease while the cost of the fossil fuel continue to increase.
The experience of oil shortages in 1970s changed the world’s dependence on fossil fuel. The oil shortages lead to the development of other ways that could be use as other source of energy, this bold step change the energy environment for the world.
The U.S. federal government provided research and development funds to make research and development of large wind turbines and also to reduced the cost of wind turbine. By early 1980s, thousands of wind turbines were installed in California.
In the 1990s, the U.S. federal and state policies encouraged the use of renewable energy sources and also established incentives to use renewable energy sources. Also the power marketers offer electricity generated from renewable energy source to their customers as a result government requirement since renewable energy have a modest impact on the environment, these policies and programs as successfully increase the number of wind turbines and the total amount of electricity generated from wind energy.
Renewable energy markets are projected to continue to grow strongly in the coming decade and beyond, Report shows that renewables energy has contributed 19.3% to humans’ global energy consumption and 24.5% to their generation of electricity in 2015 and 2016, respectively. over 30 nations around the world already have renewable energy contributing more than 20 percent of energy supply and about 47 nations around the world already have over 50 percent of electricity from renewable resources.